Archive for the ‘Water Filter Cartridges’ Category

Choosing the Best Kitchen Faucets in the Market

Thursday, February 17th, 2011

In the past, kitchen faucets only served one purpose, which was to provide the supply of water. But in the recent times, they are considered as more than just functional pieces for your kitchen. Modern faucets come in different designs, sizes, finishes, and shapes. You are provided with wonderful selections to help you enhance the interior design of your kitchen. Whatever the design or architecture of your home and kitchen is, you will be able to find the most appropriate faucet design or style. What is more, you will be able to come up with the desired ambiance in this part of your home. With stylish kitchen faucets, your faucet will not only serve as the source of running water but also as aesthetic ornament.

The Factors to Consider During Faucet Buying

When you want to replace your plain-looking kitchen faucet, you will be happy to know that there are plenty of beautiful selections in the market. But with all these choices, it might be hard for you to choose. This is why before you drive out to a hardware or home depot store you have to determine your needs. This way, it will not be difficult for you to choose. One of the factors that you have to consider when buying a kitchen faucet is finding a style or design that is suitable with the faucet connection. You should also check the number of mounting holes on the countertop or sink. You have to ensure that the faucet is easy to use, after it has been mounted to your kitchen sink. Lastly, you have to opt for a faucet that has relative size to the sink.

The market is filled with kitchen faucets that are made from different materials. These include polished, brass, copper, chrome, and stainless steel. Whatever material that you want to for your faucet, you have to make sure that its body is heavy-weight and durable. This will prevent the faucet from getting destroyed easily. On the other hand, you also have to select a faucet that does not require too much maintenance. What is more, it should match your kitchen’s theme design or the color and material of the kitchen countertop. The material of the faucet should not be prone to discolorations, stains, scratches, and corrosions. Brass faucets are resistant to different conditions. Chrome-plated faucets are available in a low price.

When choosing from a lot of kitchen faucets, you also have to consider the safety of your family. Ask from the staff of the home depot store about faucet accessories. These include filters, dispensers, and filter cartridges. This will help you ensure the safety of the water that is coming out from your faucet. It is easier to control the volume and temperature of the water if the faucets consist of a single handle. On the other hand, faucets with double handles permit exact adjustment of water flow or temperature. What is more, there are separate controls for hot or cold water. Double-handled faucets have more advantages than those with single handles. Plus, they provide more style and class.

Lena Kavhovsky

Spa Cartridge Cleaning Instructions

Monday, February 14th, 2011

Spa Cartridge Cleaning Instructions


Cartridge Cleaning Instructions for Bromine & Chlorine Users




When should a cartridge element be cleaned?




For spas, establish a routine cartridge cleaning schedule based on the amount of spa usage.

We recommend a rotation pattern, moving the cartridges clockwise every week or two. Start by setting your routine. My hot tub has 3 cartridges, I have labeled the positions 1-3 and every week I rotate clockwise, adding a clean cartridge to the #1 location and removing the #3 cartridge for cleaning.


If Baquaspa® is used as a sanitizer, the filter element must be cleaned with Baqua Clean® before any cartridge cleaner is used. Please refer to “Cartridge Cleaning Supplement for Baquaspa® Users.”




What is the procedure to clean my cartridge?




  1. Remove the cartridge from the housing following the manufacture’s instructions.
  2. Use a garden hose with a straight flow nozzle to wash down the filter element. Work from the top down, holding the nozzle at a 45 degree angle, and wash all the pleats with emphasis between pleats.
  3. Rinse until all dirt and debris is gone.
  4. Where perspiration and other oils are present, soak the element for at least one hour (over night is more effective) in a commercial filter cleaner, like Bear Strip.
  5. Rinse the cartridge again to remove oils and cleaning solution.
  6. If the filter has a coating of algae, calcium carbonate (residue from calcium hypochlorite), iron, or other minerals, soak the cartridge in a solution of one part muriatic acid to twenty parts water until all bubbling stops. WARNING: Failure to remove all oils and cleaning solution before acid soaking will result in a permanent restriction of water flow and cause premature cartridge failure.
  7. Rinse the cartridge clean and store or reassemble into the housing.


WARNING: Wear rubber gloves and safety glasses when using acid and chorine. Do not add water to acid, always add acid to water. Do not mix chlorine and acid.


If  you feel an acid bath is warranted, we recommend this be done by one of our trained professionals.


Cartridge Cleaning Supplement for Biguanide® Users




What should I know about cleaning my cartridge element if I use a biguanide system such as Baqua Spa®?




Unlike chlorine, which oxidizes the bacteria in the water, the active ingredient in biguanide systems, polyhexamethylene biqunaide (PHMB), destroys the bacterial cells. PHMB locates and binds to the bacterial surfaces, and then attacks the outer bacterial wall. Once this wall has been compromised, the inner cell membrane (the cytoplasmic membrane) is destroyed. This destruction allows the cell contents to disperse into their surroundings where they are further broken down into their elemental parts by a non-chlorine oxidizer such as Leisure Time BoostTM or Baqua Shock®.


In addition, Baqua Spa Shock® is a coagulant which combines bacterial cells and other small particles in the environment into particles large enough to be trapped by the filter. The resulting deposit is a gray sticky film on the media which can only be removed with Baqua Spa Filter Cleaner®. If trisodium phosphate (TSP) or any TSP type cleaner is used prior to stripping the film, the cleaner and the gray film will combine to form a gum-like substance. Once this occurs, the substance cannot be removed from the media and the filter cartridge must be replaced.


WARNING: Follow all manufacturer’s instructions, warnings and cautions when using Baqua Spa® products.


If you have any further questions about how to clean you Spa Cartridge Please call or email one of our Teddy Bear Pools & Spa Trained Professionals, We would be happy to assist you.

Bear Facts

The Importance of Proper Water Quality in Aquariums

Friday, February 11th, 2011

Nothing is more important in aquarium keeping than water quality management. There are many excellent products available out there to assist in water quality management, but in my opinion, there is still no replacement for water changes, good filtration, and good feeding habits.

Water Changes; changing water in more frequent, smaller amounts is preferable to larger less frequent changes. Make sure the water going in has the right chemistry (PH, ect.) and temperature. I like to use reverse osmosis water, then add the elements I need back in (especially for saltwater or soft water aquariums such as discus). Well or spring water is also usually excellent. Otherwise use a de-chlorinator (sodium thiosulfate), if chlorine or chloramines are present (Wonder shells remove chlorine, stabilize KH, and add electrolytes). Water changes are important for Nitrate removal and buildup of toxic organic and inorganic material.

Good filtration consists of biological, chemical, mechanical, and germicidal.

-Biological: Sponge Filters are excellent bio filters (generally used in smaller aquariums, but there are larger ones now available, as well a sponge pre-filters for intakes of other filters, such as canister and HOB filters), wet/dry on a larger scale, fluidized bed, and under gravel filters (Your canister filter, power filter, ect also can be biological filters- just make sure to not change all media during cleanings. You want to wash some of the media out in used aquarium water. Ceramic bio rings are excellent in canister filters for bio filtration). Live rock in marine aquariums also acts as bio filters. Biological filtration removes ammonia and nitrite from your water (anaerobic bacterial can remove nitrates in limited quantities in saltwater). Nitrates are best removed by plants such as Hornwort in freshwater. There is much more information available about Bio-Filtration here: “The Aquarium Nitrogen Cycle”

-Chemical filtration is achieved by carbon, zeolite (freshwater only for zeolite), and many other inorganic filter media such as resins.

-Mechanical filtration is the removal of debris from the aquarium via filter floss, cartridges, ECT. Canister filters excel at mechanical filtration. HOB (Hang on the back- power filters) are also reasonable mechanical filters (The Aqua Clears are not very good mechanical filters, but generally good bio-filters)

-Germicidal filtration is the use of uvc radiation or ozone to kill disease pathogens in the water. I highly recommend UV sterilization in ANY aquarium, especially fish tanks with high disease risk rates for disease such as goldfish or discus.

Good feeding habits simply means feeding what the fish will consume in 2-3 minutes (very general rule), twice per day. Also using a quality food that is highly digestible is very important for less waste (Spirulina 20 flake, HBH, Omega, Sanyu, Hikari, and Ocean Nutrition are excellent, TetraMin in my opinion has too much cereal and indigestible amino acids). Most fish foods available have too high of a cereal content and not enough fats and fish proteins.

This is a VERY general discussion about water quality; See our full Aquarium Information site below.

Carl Strohmeyer

How Can You Improve Your Drinking Water Quality?

Tuesday, February 8th, 2011

You are right if you think that something should be done about your drinking water. But how can you improve your drinking water quality? It is easy to feel somewhat overwhelmed by too much and contrasting information.

Let us set some order in the matter. The drinking water distributed by municipal services is supposed to be safe because it has passed a thorough treatment, designed to remove, in a sequence of steps, one contaminant at a time.

Water Contamination however has many forms, as you can easily find if you are inclined to, and it is practically impossible to get pure water at the exit of the treatment plant. They will not even try.

In fact all services add chlorine or equivalent substances for disinfection, to make sure that pathogens and other harmful microbial parasites, viruses, bacteria and the like are killed or inactivated.

Nothing to brag about, if we think of purity. It is true that the treated water you get at your tap will not harm, generally, healthy adults.

It may still be quite dangerous to the health of children, babies, elderly or weakling persons and pregnant women, but it may be hard to prove the link.

Still odor, color and taste leave much to be desired, while  additional undefined contaminants, not treated by the public service, may be coming from old piping systems.

You might decide, out of dismay, to depend on bottled water for drinking, hoping to have improved quality by a courageous leap. Unfortunately more often than not, bottled water is uncertain, inconstant, not better than plain tap water, as research has demonstrated.

Moreover the cost is prohibitive, if you care to sum up the expenses for a month or for a year, and if you consider transport and storage of the bottles. Moreover you should add the disposal of the empty plastic containers which are a nuisance for you and a scourge for the environment.

It is commonly agreed, and even recommended by official professionals, that a filtering system installed at the point of use, usually your kitchen faucet, will greatly improve the quality of the water you will drink, if you properly select, install and maintain (by periodic change) the home filter cartridges.

Many types of filters are available on the market. To select what will satisfy your needs you should probably check guaranteed performance and independent testing certifications, long time costs or economy of operation, and supplier’s reliability and commitment to the customers.

That is the kind of research that I tried to do in my website that you are invited to review.

Elia E. Levi

Well Water Filtration Systems – Solving Well Water Problems

Saturday, February 5th, 2011

For private well owner, the well water is known to have an abundance of dissolved minerals including calcium, magnesium and iron, as well as iron bacteria. This iron bacteria, can form a gel-like slime or biofilm that captures chemicals, minerals and other particles such as sand, clays and silts which will seriously degrade the quality of well water. Improper well design or construction can cause more contamination which can be visually seen. When water appear to be cloudy, it is due the formation of more sediment, usually are the scum formation caused by excessive Calcium or Magnesium salts. Green stains on walls and well fixtures are the indication of high acidity, brown-red stain is showing the high presence of dissolved iron due to corrosion.

The taste of the well water is an indicative measure of the quality of water. Salty or brackish normally mean the content sodium is high in water, soapy taste is due to dissolved alkaline minerals, metallic taste is indicating acidity or high iron content, and chemical taste is caused by the chemicals or pesticides presence in it.

Sometimes we do sense some foul smell or bad odor from well water and this is another indicative measure of the quality of water as well. Hydrogen sulfide gas resulted from the use of sulfate in reducing bacteria will give you rotten egg odor, if detergent smell is sensed, it could be the contamination from leakage of septic tank where the chemicals used in treatment will cause foaming in the water. Decaying organic matter like body of animals that is decomposing will emit the earthy or musty odor.

A good well water filtration system is extremely important in getting rid of the above mentioned harmful contaminants, not only which can be seen, tasted and smelled by human, but more crucially the types that which are not able to be perceived or traced by human’s five senses before consuming it. There are seriously a series of effective removal need to be done before we can safely consume the contaminated well water; namely organic and chemical contaminants, bad odor and taste.

Well water filtration systems should have selective filter that removes chemical and metal contaminants while leaving in good, healthy minerals for pH balanced, great tasting water. Unlike reverse osmosis system, it will practically remove every element that is bigger than 0.001 microns, which is slightly larger than the molecule of water itself. Ideally, mechanical filtration down to .5 microns will be effective in eliminating most harmful sediments and unwanted heavy minerals.

Activated carbon blocks with Anamorphous Titanium Silicate (ATS) ion exchange resin, widely used in industrial sector, but seldom marketed in household product, is proven in its ability to remove lead and other heavy metals. It doesn’t release organic or inorganic residues such as aluminum into your water, but replaces heavy metals with potassium so your water is healthy and great tasting.

Sulfur is the main cause of most faulty odor and unbearable nuisance in the water, and the content of sulfur varies depending on the location of water source. Well water filtration systems that comprise of activated carbon and KDF, a high-purity copper-zinc granules, can remove hydrogen sulfide, iron, chlorine, heavy metals, and bacteria from water. To deal with well water that has high content of sulfur, a more dedicated filtration that cater for removing bad odor should be used instead.

The well water filtration systems must be effectively capable of removing harmful contaminants, organic or inorganic, bacteria and other Volatile Organic Compounds, not compromising on the awful taste and bad odor as well. It should not comes in separate components which make the installation a difficult task and take up more space. Compact well water filtration systems should be easy to install and always make sure the cartridges are conveniently available for replacement as this will determine the actual efficiency in its performance.

Alvyn Khoo

Top Chef Secret Recipe and Health Expert Recommendation – Sink Water Filter

Wednesday, February 2nd, 2011

<p>If you had been cooking for a while and you are very particular about  the right ingredients selection of your favorite recipe, I am sure you understand how good quality water can help to improve the taste of the foods and drinks you served. Often we take it for granted or forget to include water as part of our ingredients in our recipe. Imagine when you serve your food to your guest and it comes with a funny smell like you just get out from swimming pool. You cook your special dishes  to impress the one you love, instead he or she is annoyed by the extra odor from the dishes. When you pour the tap water into a clear glass,  you notice the tap water is not as clear as it supposed to be but you just can’t tell what is the impurities that make it look tainted. If you were to drink the water, it tastes some kind of chemical or rotten stuff. </p>
<p>Those who have the above experiences would truly understand to what extend  the quality of water can seriously affect the taste of foods and drinks, but there are much more important factor that you should look into. As we should know, public water supply contain chemicals like chlorine which has been widely used   as disinfectant  to prevent algae and other organic growth in the swimming pool, and also caused those who have skin allergy problems and asthmatic  diseases to worsen off. If you are a health practitioner like me, the quality of water is extremely important in determining the level of your commitment and sensitivity towards the actual health aspect. You can prepare and eat only the healthiest foods ever, but do you know the processes in preparing the foods are equally important as the food’s ingredients? </p>
<p>When you get your foods to the kitchen, you need to wash or soak it, and you add water into it during your cooking stage, the plate you going to serve the foods on was washed by using water, during or after the meals, you are going to drink water…….and basically our daily foods and drinks can’t do without clean water and it evolve around the kitchen sink. Hence, getting one sink water filter which is able to get rid of the odor and  improve the taste of your cooking, elevate your health status by removing harmful synthetic chemicals in the water, is almost a miracle life.</p>
<p>A good under sink water filter must be able to take out lead, chlorine, VOCs, MTBE and chlorine resistant parasites/cysts as well. Preferably come with dual filter system comprises of carbon filtration, ion  exchange and sub micron filtration to produce truly healthy,  great-tasting water conveniently from your kitchen tap. If you were to buy a sink water filter with X amount of money and spend an equivalent or more to remodel your kitchen cabinet for the sink water filter installation, that would be a disastrous under sink water filter package. A good sink water filter must besides able to produce the clean and healthy water, be easy to install and cost effectively providing a accessories to fit into most kind of kitchen sink design. The cartridges must be readily available in the market and easy to replace without having to resort to professional plumbers. The sink water filter cartridges should not be too costly to replace which render it not worth while to install one. Besides  conveniently able to get clean and healthy water by installing the under sink water filter, we should always look at the health beneficial aspect one sink water filter can bring to our family. The use of sink water filter also benefits the earth because you will buy less bottled water and thus reduce the usage of plastic containers.</p>
<p>The sink water filter is unlike RO water system where a storage tank is needed to store the RO water, and sink water filter do not waste much water like RO water system as well. Comparatively, <a href=””>sink water filter system</a> is much more compact than others and you can choose to install it under the sink or on counter top. Make sure your under sink water filter is equipped with the switch over feature which allow you to interchange between filtered and unfiltered out put of water. One touch switching will be more favorable than a cumbersome multiple switch over system. Beware of uncertified or claimed to be certified manufacturer of this sink water filter; it has got be tested by an impartial qualified third party and not some unknown self-claimed related agency. </p>
<p>With this <a href=””>sink water filter</a>, you are not only able to enjoy good tasty foods and beverages, but are assured of a clean bill of health.</p>
<p>Alvyn Khoo is a health researcher on water purification issues. He helped 2 teams of people promoting home water purifier from 2 reputable companies in Asia but later decided to stay independent and neutral on his patient in home water purifiers system. Visit his site now at <a href=””></a> to get the facts on how to choose the best water purification system. <br />

Alvyn Khoo

Get to Know the Water Filter Cartridge

Saturday, January 29th, 2011

<p>The water filter cartridge is  actually the core portion of a water filtration system that determine the outcome  of the water. The beautiful appearance of the water filtration unit is just the cover which house the water filter cartridge or cartridges in places and connect the water filter cartridges in proper sequent. In short, that simply mean you need to understand how this water filter cartridges work in order to determine how effective one water purification function to remove the harmful contaminants. No one water filter cartridge is claimed to be able to remove all the contaminants like chlorine, synthetic chemicals, volatile organic chemicals and bacteria. It is always recommended that a combination of water filter cartridges to make up a good water filtration system.</p>
<p>The most common water filter cartridges which available in the market are as follows:-</p>
<p><strong>Sediment Cartridge</strong></p>
<p>This is normally  used as pre-filter due to its ability to remove sand, fine particles, silt, cryptosporidium and turbidity from your water. Sediment filters are normally rated by the size of particles they remove, in microns (One micron is one-thousandth of a millimeter). The smaller microns remove smaller sediments and the bigger microns remove bigger sediments. It usually made of pleated polyester, cellulose fibre or porous ceramic materials which are lower in cost and that is why sediment  cartridge also always being referred as low-cost filtration cartridge Sediments which are bigger size than water molecule will be trapped and stay on these water cartridges, so you need to always wash or clean the pre-filter. A water filtration system that allow back wash will be an added advantage. If not, you will need to change this sediment cartridges frequently to ensure the effectiveness. Anyway, when a sediments cannot be washed and cleaned after a period of time, it is recommended to replace with a new one.</p>
<p><strong>Carbon  Cartridge</strong></p>
<p>After the first stage of filtration, carbon cartridge which is generally made up of granular activated carbon or carbon fiber block are used to treat chlorine and THMs (trihalomethanes), endrin, lead, pesticides/herbicides, radon and toluene in the water.  It removes very fine particles and helps to improve the   clarity and taste of the water in a great way. A carbon cartridge can only pull out a finite amount of contaminants, so it has a certain  life expectancy. However, it is not possible to clean a carbon cartridge,  so they must be replaced. Generally speaking, carbon cartridges will last  twice as long as sediment cartridges, but they’re also more expensive. </p>
<p>Carbon cartridges initially was in granules form, and had been used for centuries to purify water. It works well and is still available in that form, but there is now another choice in carbon filtration. New technology enables manufacturers to produce filters in the form of  porous solid blocks, which are superior in every way to filters made of granular carbon. The latest technology in carbon filters is the so-called modified carbon block (MCB), in which filter blocks are built from fibers in a slurry of carbon particles. Some carbon cartridges have incorporated KDF-55D which is zinc and copper                   to make them bacteriostatic. That means that bacteria cannot grow  inside the filter.</p>
<p> There are several other chemicals that manufacturers use to  make their filters bacteriostatic, but many of them affect you as well  as the bacteria!  KDF has a very good record as being the safest agent  yet found for keeping bacteria from growing in filters, and it’s the  only one we sell.</p>
<p><strong>Combination of Water Filter Cartridges</strong></p>
<p>Please do not take this lightly; you must always  look beyond the water filtration system appearance to determine which one is best for you. No one water filter cartridge can work best for removing all contaminants by it self. It takes a combination of all  water filter cartridges to compliment each other to effectively remove sediments, particles, synthetic chemicals, odors and prevent bacteria from growing inside individual water filter cartridge Take your time to look and study  the descriptions of each water filter cartridge, understand how the water filter cartridge works before placing your order.</p>
<p>Alvyn Khoo is a health researcher on water purification issues for 6 years now. He helped 2 teams of people promoting home water purifier from 2 reputable companies in Asia but later decided to stay independent and neutral on his patient in home water purifiers system. Visit his site now at <a href=””></a> to get the facts on how to choose the best water purification system.<br />

Alvyn Khoo

How Safe is our Tap Water?

Tuesday, January 25th, 2011


Everything we wash down the plughole, as well as what seeps through the ground or falls from the sky, ends up in our water supply. This includes human waste, detergents and even hormones from women on the Pill. Other contaminants include pesticides, lead, nitrate and iron. The Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI) is a government-regulated body that monitors and tests the UK’s water. Companies must meet stringent safety criteria. However, water still contains some minerals and chemicals that could pose a threat to our health. Studies have shown that chlorine, used to disinfect water and remove bacteria, has been linked to an increased risk of rectal and bladder cancers. The government has issued warnings about this, and research has shown a link between aluminium in water and Alzheimer’s. All tap water is heavily treated, going through several processes to make it suitable for human consumption. By 2003, the DWI announced that 99.87 per cent of all tap water tested met its standards.


Tap water
Filter it
Fruit-flavoured water
Bottled water; which is better?
Tap water varies in taste and mineral content, depending on where it comes from. According to the DWI, two thirds of British drinking water comes from surface water, including reservoirs, lakes and rivers. The rest comes from rainwater which seeps through porous rocks, then is drilled out. Some areas have hard water, which is full of magnesium and calcium compounds, while others have soft water, which is free of these. Tap water can contain traces of a range of minerals from aluminium to iron, which means the taste varies from region to region in this country. If you’re sensitive to the taste of your H2O or would like to filter it, you can invest in a jug filter (around £15). Or you water filter tap on the side of your kitchen sink. Expect an initial outlay of around £500-£700, with cartridges setting you back £100 a year.

Kenji Matsuhara

How Can Drinking Water Stations Guarantee Against Contaminated Drinking Water?

Friday, January 21st, 2011

More and more, when you walk into an office or where people gather, you find in a corner a drinking water station open to public use. Some of these stations, sometimes called bars, include a big plastic bottle to be refilled at the water supply depot, others have installed filters that process the city supplied water.

Why not a simple faucet on a sink? Why this expensive setup to quench the thirst of regular or occasional visitors?

The reason is to be found in disturbing reports that inform that sometimes, somewhere, contaminated and dangerous drinking water was being supplied to  unaware users by the local municipal distribution system.

It is true that it is not always so nor everywhere, but the fear from dangers to the health, especially of children and aged persons, induces whoever cares to take  precautions to prevent any risks.

It is understandable that owners of offices or stores and people responsible for public places where drinking water is made available to whomever needs it, want to be sure that nobody will sue them for negligence in supplying water possibly unfit for drinking.

Which solution is adopted is a matter of personal preference and of costs at any given time and place. While big refillable plastic bottles are less noxious to the environment than personal drinking water plastic bottles to be discarded after use, the quality of the drinking water supplied may still be questionable or not constant in time, although it should not be contaminated.

It seems however that a good filter or a battery of suitable filters should provide better quality assurance, provided the filter cartridges are changed according to the schedule required by the manufacturer.

In a public place you would not know how often they change the filter cartridges unless this information is displayed for all to see. A visible note with this information should be the minimum requirement for having confidence in the particular drinking water station.

At home the situation is different, everybody is responsible for correctly maintaining his/her own drinking water filter or purifier. Certain suppliers offer to their customers, who subscribe to the service, obtainable at a discount, to send them just in time the replacement filter cartridges as a reminder. It seems a good practice to be looked for.

A good drinking water filter at home is always a sound and wise investment.

Elia E. Levi

Types Of Home Aquarium Filtration

Tuesday, January 18th, 2011

It’s important to have good filtration In your home aquarium because the quality of your water is critical to the health of your fish. The better your filtration, the clear your water will be and the more fish will be able to keep while still maintaining good water quality and a healthy environment.

There are three basic kinds of filtration commonly used in the home aquarium – biological, chemical and mechanical. Often times the filtering system will include two of these types of filtration combined. a good example is the typical aquarium filter that hangs on the outside of the aquarium with it to go into the water that sucks up the water, pushes it through a filter and some sport of sponge and returns it to the tank through the other side. This type of filter uses mechanical filtration as well as biological filtration.

Mechanical filtration is pretty much what it sounds like, it uses mechanical means to filter particles and such from the water. This is your typical filter that has some sort of a pump which sucks the water in and some sort of a filter that the water passes through and then a tray or tube that puts the filtered water back into the aquarium. These can be the power filters that hang off the back of your tank in suck water up through a tube running through a cartridge before pouring it back into the aquarium, or under gravel filters that suck the water down through the gravel actually using the substrate as a filter and then return the water at the top of the tank.

Biological filtration is one that not a lot of people think about but it is very important for your home aquarium. the waste from your fish indicating pieces of money and food are constantly being broken down into ammonia which can be toxic in your fish tank. Biological filtration allows bacteria to keep this ammonia making the water safer for your fish. The thing is that this bacteria needs something to grow in. While the bacteria can grow right in the gravel bed, a lot of mechanical filters include a bio wheel or some type of media or a sponge that the bacteria can grow on.

Chemical filtration relies on the use of chemicals such as carbon or more new chips to absorb the ammonia In the water. Many power filters also come with a little carbon pack that you act to be with water and putting your filter in this carbon pack will be doing the job of chemical filtration. But the bacteria colony in your biological filtration should also be taking this so many people question whether you actually need chemical filtration in your home aquarium.

Aquarium filtration is vital for any aquarium but the size of your tank makes a difference as to which types of filters you use. If you are in doubt, your best bet is to ask the person at you’re aquarium store where you bought the fish tank and they are usually pretty well versed in what type of filters are best for the style and size tank you have. Maintaining your filter and changing the cartridges as recommended its key to having happy healthy fish and a beautiful crystal clear tank.

Lee Dobbins